TED

"Surprises underwater" and "The mystery and wonder of the deep sea" (TED: David Gallo)

Dr. David Gallo's marine biologist's "Surprises Underwater" is a fun TED Talks that is in the popular Top 25 (25 Most Popular). Enjoy the amazing images of the dark deep ocean, squid changing color, octopus completely camouflaging, and fish emitting neon light like Times Square. Anyone excited to explore the unknown world (^ ^) In the image introduction of squid changing color, "Squid's male's right side is white and the left side is brown, he is a bit behind from the female (right side of the photo) I climb the other male by lowering one color to aggressive white.This is not a phenomenon limited to squid male "(Applause) We human beings only know 3% of the sea yet. We have already discovered the highest mountains in the world, the deepest valley in the world, the world's best lakes, waterfalls and so on. Humans did not know that much about this planet. There are still 97% left. Is there nothing there, is it full of surprises? It is a fun Galo's lecture (3) (^ ^) TED Speaker / TED Attendee: David Gallo (Oceanographer) The deepest and darkest part of the ocean has more diverse ecosystems than the rainforest. From the deepest trench to the remains of the Titanic, marine biologist David Gallo will take us to a trip to the sea and explore the beauty and wonders of the sea creatures. The following is TED-Ed.

By Nobuyuki
Media

Sea bird's chicks 110 thousand birds sacrificed the tsunami (East Japan great earthquake)

The Midway Atoll (island) located northwest of the Hawaiian Islands in the North Pacific is a wildlife sanctuary where about 3 million seabirds, such as the Black-faced Albatross, make breeds and breed. Many chicks were sacrificed by the Tsunami of the Great East Japan Earthquake. About 22% of Albatross chicks hatched in 2011 are sacrificed in the study of rice, fish and wildlife bureau. It is estimated that about 100,000 chicks and 2,000 birds have died of the albatross and the black-faced albatross. Three islands with wild bird's nest were shaped to be protected by atolls, but a maximum of about 1.5 m tsunami pushed four times and destroyed the 'nest' and washed it to the sea. The officials of the authorities seemed to have helped about 300 wild birds that can not move due to rock gaps and debris (rubble). For this white-tailed Mizunagidori, we can not confirm the damage number to dig a hole to make a nest, but it seems that there may be several thousand birds dead. Many seabirds inhabit the Midway Islands, but many are extinct or endangered due to invasion of alien species and hunting. In the Great East Japan Earthquake, the tsunami reached a wide area of ​​the Pacific Ocean, so building damage and victims (outside of Japan) have appeared. The name "Midway" comes from the fact that it was located at the midpoint between the continent of North America and the Eurasian Continent, but as a "Midway battle" from June 5, 1942 (1942) many movies and novels, It is also a famous area that left huge data. The sea bird's chicks 110,000 birds sacrifice the tsunami (Hawaii-Road)

By Nobuyuki
Media

Pacific plastic waste, up to 16 times (The Ocean Cleanup)

The Great Pacific Garbage Patch (GPGP) is the world's largest ocean plastic accumulation area, located between Hawaii and California. The Ocean Cleanup researchers have conducted the broadest analysis that has never been done in this field. According to research by the research team, we announced that plastic waste sedimented in the Pacific Ocean is up to 16 times more than what was pointed out in past investigations. GPGP is a place where garbage dumped in the ocean flows and where the amount of plastic garbage deposits is said to be the largest. In the conventional survey, a method of collecting sediments by collection nets has been used, but because there are variations depending on the size of the net for collection etc., there was a problem in the accuracy of the data . In the survey over the past three years, we used 30 vessels to collect sediments, and two aircraft (C-130 Hercules) loaded with high-performance 3D sensors that can reconstruct the situation of marine garbage, thoroughly We are conducting a survey. As a result, the amount of plastic garbage deposited on GPGP is more than 10 kg / km 2, equivalent to about 1.6 million km 2, which is three times the French land. The amount of plastic garbage deposited is about 1.8 trillion, weighing about 80,000 tons. This is the weight of 500 jumbo jet aircraft, which is 4 to 16 times the deposit estimated in past investigation. Within GPGP, it became clear that the level of plastic contamination including microplastic, which is pointed out by marine organisms and human beings by food chain, has increased exponentially since the measurement started in the 1970s It was. We emphasize the urgency to deal with plastic contamination which is a wonder of the marine ecosystem. Technology: OUR CONCEPT (The Ocean Cleanup) Ocean Cleanup in the Netherlands aims to collect about half of the garbage of GPGP within 5 years. We are planning to collect dozens of floating barriers drifting in the wind and currents, and to collect garbage. GREAT PACIFIC GARBAGE PATCH GROWING RAPIDLY, STUDY SHOWS (22 MARCH 2018 / Press) Marine Plastic Removal Project (The Ocean Cleanup)

By Nobuyuki
Media

24 cold cold deaths in Europe, snowfall in the temperate Mediterranean region

On February 27, Europe suffered from a cold wave from Siberia, which resulted in severe chilling in a wide range. The beach with palm trees is covered with snow, and attention is given to homeless people and elderly people. In the Arctic circle it is a record high temperature, but at least 24 people have died together in the cold wave Europe in the past 4 days. It is snowing even in the temperate Mediterranean region such as Corsica of France and Capri of Italy. In Italy in Rome it became heavy snow for the first time in 6 years and the sightseeing spots that made snow make In front of the Colosseum there were people who made snowball fights and snowmen. Poland said on Wednesday night temperatures in Warsaw in the capital fell below freezing to 16 degrees Celsius, at least five people died alone. Since November last year, 53 people have been killed by the cold wave by the country. The vast majority of the victims since February 23 were homeless people, three in France, three in the Czech Republic, and one in Italy. Emergency shelters and relief supplies are provided throughout Europe. In the southern part of Croatia, the island floating in the Adriatic Sea "Brac Island", it is a video of winter road maintenance which is quite unusual due to snow. Snow on the island is very rare. Of course there are no snow-removing vehicles, so we decided to devise our own measures to prevent snow such as snow removal by tractor and spraying "salt" on the road. Severe Weather Europe (Facebook) Pictures of cold weather in various parts of Europe A cold wave from Siberia, a deep cold wave from Siberia, 24 people died Snow also in the Mediterranean region (AFP BB News) In Zagreb, Croatia's capital, There was a wonderful article that provides help to "people" and "neighbors". Lend a Hand: Zagreb Citizen Offers Help to Neighborhood During Cold Wave (2/27 Total Croatia News) Tags: Global warming (Nobuyuki Kokai)

By Nobuyuki
Media

Ten challenges to us (Bill Gates and Melinda Gates)

Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation (Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation) is the world's largest charity fund organization founded in 2000 by Microsoft president Bill Gates and his wife Melinda. In 2006, the scale has doubled as a result of Mr. Warren Buffett's contribution of $ 30 billion. In the annual letter announced on February 13, "I will answer as frankly as I can, so I hope that you will be optimistic just like we are when you finish reading" I am talking. The sixth question "What influence does President Cardinal's policy have on the activities of the Foundation?" I am worried about "the world first view of the United States First" because the United States It does not mean that you should not take care of your people.The problem is "How can you do it best?" I believe that it has historically proven that all people, including Americans, will benefit by deeply engaging and cooperating not to draw hands from the world situation. Even if we measure the policy of the government with only the benefits that Americans receive, I think that facing the world is a prudent investment. " Mr. Melinda also wishes that "When the current president speaks and tweets, it wishes more respectful respect to people, especially women, equality is an important national principle, each individual's dignity Is part of the American spirit regardless of race, religion, sexual orientation, and gender.The president shows the model and is responsible for improving the status of all Americans through statements and policies. " It is. The Japanese version of the annual letter can be read from the following. Our 2018 Annual Letter (gatesnotes.com) Annual Letter of 2018 "10 Troubles for Us" (PDF / Bill Gates and Melinda Gates) In the YouTube video, "When saving the lives of children, it leads to excessive population Bill Gates explains to the question "Is it? Mr. Bill Gates, Millionaire "pay more taxes" pay more than 1 trillion yen (2/20 AFP BB News) Gates and business leaders established investment funds for clean energy technology

By Nobuyuki
Media

The world's smallest cats, contrasting Sabi-netsuke and Croissoneco

Rusty-spotted cat (Rusty-spotted Cat) is a tiny-type cat living in southern India and Sri Lanka. The length is 35 - 48 cm, the length of the tail is 15 - 25 cm, and the weight is only about 1.5 kg. The female is even smaller and weighs about 1 kg, the world's smallest cat. What a cute gesture is a must-see (lol) Sabi-neckne is a nocturnal cat that lives on the tree, and feeds mainly on rats, birds, lizards and the like. Personality is friendly and cheerful, especially because children are familiar with people, they seem to be popular as pets. It is said that the danger of extinction is very high and it is also registered in the Red List of the International Conservation Union for Nature Conservation. BIG CATS (BBC One) One of the black-footed cats is distributed in South Africa, Namibia, Botswana and slightly in Zimbabwe. The average weight is 1.6 kg, which is one of the smallest existing cats. It has a length of 36 - 52 cm, plus a 13 - 20 cm tail. When a man approaches it runs away, it seems to fight back fiercely when it is chased. This is also registered in the Red List of the International Conservation Union for Nature Conservation. The so-called mother cat's so-called "gyara" seems to be, "Usually a face that does not kill insects, but really a killer hunter that kills prey thoroughly cold." The appearance is adorable, but it is the strongest hunter who keeps prey exactly unequaled, it is amazing (^ ^) The strongest in the world? The worst cause? The smallest army hunter cat (BBC News Japan)

By Nobuyuki
Media

Mechanism of rapid melting of giant Totten glacier

The greatest Totten Glacier in the eastern part of Antarctica was solved rapidly from the bottom, and it was pointed out that the possibility of rising the sea level by about 3 to 6 m when all can be solved. Researchers have anticipated that the amount of polar ice on the planet will decline with global warming for decades, but due to recent satellite data, models, field surveys, etc., the decline has progressed faster than expected It became clear that it was. In addition, evidence has been found one by one that the cause of the accelerated decline of ice in Antarctica is in the "wind" that has not attracted much attention among climate change. Wind Screen Totten Ice Shelf melt and acceleration (Science Advances 01 Nov 2017) The research team compares the ocean-like record and the streaming data of water temperature and salinity obtained from a sensor floating nearby to the satellite image, Keep track of the thermocline at the site for a long time. As a result, when the wind from the west was strong, it became clear that high temperature water flowed into the glacier vigorously. When the wind blows from the east, the Thermocline confirmed again and melting stopped. Mr. Chad Green, a researcher enrolled at the University of Texas, who is the leader of this research, said, "Not only does the sea level rise due to global warming directly heat the air and melt the glaciers from above, It is really interesting to note that glaciers can be melted from underneath just by moving heat, "In addition," the western wind that blows along the eastern coast of Antarctica is expected to be considerably stronger over the next 100 years "I said. Studies on "wind" and sea level rise are now to come, but sea water has already carved a valley along the contour line from the edge of the shelf glacier on the Toten glacier to the point where about 125 km of the rock was inland inland, its depth is It extends over 3 km below the sea level. (See movie) Australian Antarctic Division (Website) Where the color changes, a zone where upwelling of warm seawater is occurring under the influence of the wind. The melting of the Totten glacier (yellow point) will increase after several months of time lag (2000 to 2017) The reason why the Antarctic gigantic glacier is melting rapidly is not only the rise in temperature - the cause is "westerly wind" It was in (Wired.jp)

By Nobuyuki
Media

Mysterious ocean fairy, the sea snow world (Sea slug)

Sea slug is a type of shellfish with shells disappeared and seems to be introduced as something like "slug" or "sea fairy" in many cases. I think that there are no creatures of such diverse designs (shape, color, color scheme, etc.). It is said that over 2,300 kinds in the ocean of the world, it is increasing now. I feel overwhelmingly colorful, diverse cute little sea bream in 'image list' and 'sense of nature' or 'mystery of life' (^^) Sea slug (Google image search list) wonderful (^ ) Nudibranch (en: Wikipedia) Since life was born, weak ones were destroyed, strong ones, only adaptive survived. A diverse design of the sea turtle created from the necessity of this life. Human beings are also keywords "diversity", but I think that there are many things to learn from the mysterious color scheme of a sea lion as if pursued "beauty", and its diverse life design. In this movie that seems to be sacred to life, a wonderful life design such as "sea cow" and "crab" or "shrimp" is captured (^^) The world's Umiushi (Website) posted type Sea Umi Encyclopedia Umihoshi Kagaku .com (Website) Miso Mume / Chromodoris willani (Ryo Shinya / Umiwishi Rice) Cute Japanese Turtle (^^)

By Nobuyuki
TED

I started my business at the age of 66 (TED: Paul Tasner)

"It's never too late to rediscover yourself," Paul Tasner says. After working in the company for 40 years, he combined the experience and passion with ideas for work, and launched the company at the age of 66. Mr. Trasner worked as a department manager in the business department of a consumer goods company, but he was invited to an ongoing meeting. So I was fired with some other people. Back then I was 64 years old, so I had some predictions. I signed on the mountain of documents, organized my personal items and headed to a nearby restaurant in a state of disappointment nearby which was waiting with my wife. Fast forwarding for several hours, we were getting perfect drunk (lol) I thought about about 2 years after my interest in the environment started growing up (clean technology). All the issues to be tackled are mountain, manufacturing, outsourcing, employment creation, patents, partnerships, fund procurement, etc. These are all issues for new business. I live in San Francisco. If you look for funding sources, you usually compete with very young people from high-tech industries. My mind will be lost and I will be afraid. Although I have the shoes I bought before the young people were born, (laugh) I was anxious five years ago to look for people who started business for the first time in the same age. I wanted to be connected with them. I did not have anyone to be a role model. 20 years old The application developer of Silicon Valley there is not my model of smile (lol) I wonder my head is good - (Laugh) Mr. Trussner is a remarkable number of Americans (84 million people · 2050 years ), But in the case of Japan, it will become super aging more quickly. (^^) TED Speaker: Paul Tasner (Entrepreneur) Japanese translation by Masako Kigami. Reviewed by Shoko Takaki. (Read Japanese subtitles) PulpWorks, Inc. (Website) PulpWorks, Inc. (Facebook)

By Nobuyuki
Media

Rich nature and beautiful landscape of Kamchatka Peninsula

Klyuchevskaya Sopka (Russian: Ключевская сопка) is the highest peak of the Kamchatka peninsula and it is the active volcano of the highest peak of Eurasia Continent. The altitude is 4,750 m, depending on the viewing direction, it is also called Kamchatka Fuji because it closely resembles Mt. Fuji. It erupts like every year, and on October 18, 2013 the volcanic ash reaches 10,000 meters. Kamchatka's volcanoes are registered as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in December 1996. Among the Pacific Pacific Orogenic Belt, there are various volcanic eruptive volcanoes and the terrain that it produced, to the extent that the "museum of volcanoes" is said to be said. Also, due to the high volcanoes and the characteristics of the soil, development has not been carried out much, so landscape beauty and biodiversity are also well maintained. Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, the capital of the Kamchatka region, has a population of 198,000 people, a good natural harbor and an ice-free port. However, there are no landways to contact with other cities in Russia, transportation of living goods and development of industrial activities are completely dependent on sea route and air route. It is also an important military port of the Russian Navy's Pacific Fleet. Recently it has become a base for sightseeing the volcanoes of the Kamchatka Peninsula registered in World Heritage sites and nature, flora and fauna around the city, especially in the United States from Alaska. kamtchatka.ru (Website) full of charm of Kamchatka (^^) Kamtchatka.ru (Facebook) When a tired bear took a break (lol), a wonderful volcanic landscape "Kamchatka ... even in a far country Russia, even among them Peninsula located in the east side of the east.I have no familiar.When geography classes do not come out, I would like to see what kind of landscape is there. "We introduce Kamchatka's Abatinski climbing. The Kamchatka Chronicle (Kamchatka, Russia) (mountain and geography page)

By Nobuyuki
Media

The United States is the first and the earth is the last (Michael Moore)

US President Donald Trump declared that he will withdraw from the 2015 Paris Agreement, which decided on international efforts to address climate change on the afternoon of June 1. We will begin renegotiating "fair" new arrangements that will not be disadvantageous to US companies and workers. Meanwhile, governments of France, Germany and Italy immediately argue that they will not respond to the renegotiation of the Paris Agreement. As of January 2016, a total of 188 countries / regions submitted a draft promise to the Treaty Secretariat, and 146 countries including the United States ratified it. The United States has come into force in November last year. Syria and Nicaragua were not the only parties that have not participated in the treaty In the United States, multiple heads such as California's Jerry Brown Governor, New York, Boston, Los Angeles, San Francisco, and others head to the federal government Our municipalities have stated that they will keep abiding by the Paris Agreement. Pittsburgh 's Mayor of Bill Pedut, nominated for President Cardinal as "nominated for representing the citizens of Pittsburgh but not in Paris", promptly said, "We promise to comply with the guidelines of the Paris Agreement," doing. Director Michael Moore, who has made a film criticizing politely, told Twitter, "President Trump has committed a crime against human beings, America is the first and the earth is the last," and President Trump We severely criticized the decision. Response to withdraw from the Paris Agreement (NHK News) US Trump regime, withdrawing the Paris agreement on climate change initiatives (BBC News)

By Nobuyuki
Innovation

Young inventor's Styrofoam Recycling Project (TED: Ashton Cofer)

From packing stuffing to disposable coffee cups, 9 million metric tons of Styrofoam are produced every year in the United States alone and it will not be recycled at all. Shocked by the waste of this resource and the current situation of the waste disposal facility overflowing, Ashton Cofer, together with the science fair teammate, heat treated the used polystyrene foam to create other useful substances It was. Let's take a look at their original designs that received the FIRST LEGO League World Innovation Award and the Google Science Fair's American Science Innovator Award (2016 Scientific American Innovator). The project name in Google Science Fair 2016 is "Reducing foam styrol waste with reuse filter (Project: Styro-Filter)". Three students, Mr. Luke, Julia, and Ashton (14), because 90 percent of Styrofoam is composed of carbon, wisdom wondering whether this substance can be useful in a cost-effective way I narrowed it. And what got it is activated carbon (carbon filter) which can remove pollutants from contaminated water. As a result of trying various kinds of chemical substances for many hours to make resource waste effective, 3 people succeeded in making activated carbon which can drastically reduce polystyrene from the landfill and make polluted water into drinking water . TED Speaker: Ashton Cofer (Youth inventor) Subtitles and Transcript (Read Japanese subtitles)

By Nobuyuki
en_USEN
jaJA en_USEN