Innovation

Refugee / immigrant / foreign workers and Japan's declining birthrate

On June 15, the Japanese government decided on the basic policy 2018 (policy of politics) of economic fiscal management and reform by the Cabinet. The subtitle of this policy is "to realize a sustainable growth path by overcoming the declining birthrate and aging population". Among them, in order to overcome the serious shortage of manpower, we have included the creation of a new status of residence to expand the acceptance of foreign talented personnel. I think that we are in a stage where we can not discuss the response to refugees, immigrants, foreign workers, and "low birthrate and aging society" or "Japan's growth strategy" separately. From 2001, every June 20 th is "World Refugee Day (UNHCR)". Should I only contribute money to international organizations? A social blogger, Chikirin, has serialized the theme of refugee problem (6 times). Among them, we recommend you to read the difference between foreign workers, immigrants and refugees in a very easy to understand manner. About immigrants and refugees, journalist Akira Ikegami says, "Personally, I think that Japan should also make an immigration bureau, now Immigration Bureau is reviewing refugees, It is the basic stance that their work "Do not enter anyone trying to get into illegality." In other words, it is not a prerequisite to put in, it is a prerequisite not to enter. Naturally, the immigration examination will become tough. If you look at the reality and future of Japan, you should create a government office on the premise of accepting foreign immigrants. I am in agreement, too. In Japan, it is a self-convening policy that accepts foreign workers without being forced by rapid progress of "population decrease" and "declining birthrate and aging population", but such policy is "refugee / immigrant / foreign labor "People" and "Japanese people" will not be "happy". The top 10 countries of happiness are in the ranking of happiness of immigrants within 11th (world happiness ranking 2018, Japan 54th). Economic and fiscal advisory council (Cabinet Office) Difference between foreign workers, immigrants and refugees (Chikirin's diary) Japan needs "immigration bureau" (June 26, 2017 Nikkei Business) Regional ideals and immigration issues Japan Learn the future of Switzerland (December 2014 iRONNA)

By Nobuyuki
Media

First female top in CIA (Central Intelligence Agency) and NYSE (New York Stock Exchange)

On May 21, Gina Haspel (Gina Haspel) appointed Secretary of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) to the President of the Trump, took office at the inauguration ceremony and assumed office as CIA Secretary. The first female secretary was born in the CIA founded in 1947. It was nominated as successor, following the appointment of the Secretary of State of the CIA director Pompeo. Mr. Trump participates in the swearing ceremony and blessed "I am the first woman to lead the CIA." Clapping and cheering were rising from staff members. Gina Haspel (Google search) Mr. Haspel entered the CIA in 1985, spent most of his career in the secret operation division and was assigned to manage the Thai secret camp known as a black site (secret military facility) It was. Abu Sveida, who was detained as an al Qaeda senior official, had 83 waterdrops and blocked sleeping in a month, and Mr. Hasper ordered to destroy dozens of video tapes with images of torture It was reported. At the hearing it is stated that harsh interrogation will not be revived. Personnel was approved at the Senate Plenary Session on 17th May. On 22nd, Stacey Cunningham Chief Operating Officer (COO) of the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) was promoted to President as Tom Furley's successor. In the history of NYSE in 226, the women's single top is the first time. Last year NASDAQ (NASDAQ) has appointed Women's Adena Friedman as Chief Executive Officer (CEO). The United States' gender disparity index 2017 (WEF) is 49th, recent declining ranking (especially earnings income) is regarded as a problem. The first women's top in the symbolic field of male society shows that promotion of gender equality is also essential as a growth strategy. Women discrimination in Saudi Arabia is news Do not you think that the gender gap index 2017 (WEF) is 138th place, Japan is the 114th lowest developed country, close to Saudi Arabia? A gender equality week (June 23 to 29) will come this year as well. It is meaningless unless it is an effective policy for Japan's economic growth and growth strategy, which is declining in birthrate and aging population. (Bad social structure that hinders diversity and growth) Expands by 490 trillion yen (McKinsey) (Nobuyuki Kokai) First female NYSE president Stacey Cunningham speaks to CNBC from CNBC. Asia Pacific region New York Stock Exchange, The first female top in the history of 226 (bloomberg)

By Nobuyuki
India

Expansion of 490 trillion yen in promotion of gender equality in the Asia-Pacific region (McKinsey)

The McKinsey Global Institute (MGI) will estimate that the regional total production (GDP) will expand by 4,500 billion dollars (about 490 trillion yen) by 2025 if gender equality advances in the Asia- Announced in the report. (Downloadable on pdf) The power of parity: Advancing women's equality in Asia Pacific (MGI) Although it is said that MGI "There is no doubt that it is the most dynamic region in the world" about the Asia Pacific region, many countries Of women are widely inequitably treated in workplaces and societies compared to men. In Japan with a declining birthrate and an aging population, GDP (compared to 2014) will increase 6%, and the amount will increase by 325 billion dollars (about 35.5 trillion yen). It is said that China will expand to 2.6 trillion dollars (about 284 trillion yen), India to 770 billion dollars (about 84 trillion yen), Australia to 225 billion dollars (about 24.6 trillion yen), South Korea to 160 billion dollars (about 17.5 trillion yen) It is. In the gender inequality index of each country in the Asia-Pacific region, it is pointed out that Japan, Korea, India, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Nepal and Sri Lanka are extremely inequality (red) in "work inequality". In "inequality in political field", except for New Zealand, Australia and the Philippines, China, South Korea, and Japan are extremely inequality (red), including in Japan. Gender disparities and inequalities are largely in rela- tions and social systems in developing countries (in developed countries) globally. At least Japan (114th place / WEF) and Korea (118th place / WEF), which are called developed countries, are preparing for gender equality, but they are dragging "bad traditions and social norms, customs, customs as a series of works" I will. (CNN) Gender disparity index 2017 Japan 114th (Global Gender Gap Report 2017) (Nobuyuki Kokai) Economic scale of Asia-Pacific, promotion of gender equality, expansion by 490 trillion yen

By Nobuyuki
Innovation

Amazon Go promoting the digital economy and Amazon Effect

The first store of prototype grocery store "Amazon Go" operated by Amazon.com will be opened on Amazon 's new headquarters (Day One) in Seattle, USA on January 22. It was opened to the public on about one year late since it was announced in December 2016. The interior of the shop is about 168 square meters (50 tsubo), small grouper that cooks basic foods such as milk and bread, cheese, seasoning and confectionery and kitchen made at the kitchen, cook kit that summarizes the ingredients of the recipe It is a large grocery store. 3D sensors and cameras adopted for automatic driving cars are installed in the store and the ceiling, and the system using artificial intelligence (AI) is tracking the state of the product and the behavior of the user accurately. No lines. No checkout. (No queue, no register) as a catchphrase (see movie) "Amazon Go" is a "smart store" proposed by Amazon, a mail order company promoting the digital economy. I feel common idea of ​​innovation as Apple's computer maker in 2001 opened up "Apple Store". I think that there is the essence of the digital economy such as entering from different industries and reforming and integrating the industrial structure. (From the media industry to all industries) Inside Amazon Go, a Store of the Future (The New York Times) In-store coverage articles As Amazon Pushes Forward With Robots, Workers Find New Roles (The Read more

By Nobuyuki
Media

Resolution of President Akio Toyoda: Mobility service (e-Palette Concept)

On January 8, 2018, Toyota Motor Corporation (TOYOTA) made clear the direction of business strategy change at CES 2018. President Akio Toyoda stood keynote and said that it aims to be a "mobility and service company", and at the same time opened the next generation EV "e-Palette Concept" exclusively for mobility and services using automatic driving technology. Equipped according to the use of service partners such as ride sharing specification, hotel specification, retail shop specification, in flat and large space with low floor · box type barrier free design. (See the video below) Toyoda President President Tomota Toyoda said that the automobile industry is "a major revolutionary era once in a hundred years", and recently we have launched policies to strengthen business capital alliance, automatic operation, EV field . At the Toyota Press Conference, "I am the third president of the Toyoda family, but in the world, the third generation is not aware of the hardship, the third generation is said to crush the company, I do not think so." Talking about laughing at the venue (^ ^) And then, I decided to transform Toyota into a company, a mobility company that will help people move a variety of people beyond the car company. We believe that the possibilities that we can do are infinite, "he said. At the end, "Before you leave, we have less chances to meet people like you, so if you like, could you take pictures of ourselves together, are you OK?" (^ ^) CES 2018 Toyota Press Conference President Toyoda Speech (TOYOTA) Speech The full-text movie is the full story of CES 2018 Toyota Press Conference delivered by livestream.com / Toyota. I think that it is like a message to encourage change to Japanese society and creating things. (Speech is from 14: 38 ~) Last year the catch of 'Nintei Line from Silicon Valley' became a hot topic, and I think that many people saw TOYOTA's mid-career advertisement and recruitment site. On the site, "Toyota's vision and technology related to automatic driving technology, connected cars, IT / software engineers who are active in various fields now, those of previous development / product development engineers, research specialists We are calling on TOYOTA's new mobility creation team to participate in the project as a whole. Toyota recruitment site (TOYOTA)

By Nobuyuki
Innovation

DARPA's advanced research theme is pandemic and underground space

There are more than 200 research projects in the US Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA), but we are announcing new advanced research themes. "New species of pathogenic threat prevention program" prevents cross-species transmission of viral infections from animals and insects to humans by predicting the evolution and transmission path of the virus and actively intervening I aim to do. In addition, the "Contest of the Underground Space Exploration Technology" is a contest for underground malls, tunnels, caves, underground spaces such as underground spaces, navigation, sensor technology and other contests that enhance the ability to operate in the underground space. These advanced research themes can be applied to military as well as disaster, medical treatment, and private enterprises. Interesting 2017 edition "top 10 popular articles" and "popular tweets and Facebook post" of DARPA are also announced. The Ten Most Popular DARPA Stories of 2017 (DARPA) First Place Develops Space Plane The Most Popular DARPA Twitter and Facebook Posts of 2017 (DARPA) DARPA says, "Our mission is to create attractive science and technology knowledge and discoveries, We will strive to report work and activities so that we can not only inform the results but also understand in the full range of military and private industry and individuals. " In addition to simply publishing the research purpose and results, Japan should emulate the point that it has an easy-to-understand accountability. I think that it is impossible to distinguish between military and civilian fields in advanced science and technology research. Japan also has a clear perspective of prompt commercialization, I believe that a transparent and trustworthy organization is necessary. Tag: DARPA (Nobuyuki Kokai) Although DARPA is the main activity of cutting-edge science and technology to military technology, the Department of Biotechnology Room (BTO) J. Sanchez said, "As early as the results of military-related research by DARPA Commercialization is aimed at helping US forces maintain stronger capabilities at cheaper costs by further creation and competition in the market, shifting technology to a more mature stage, and creating new applications This model was effective for automatic driving cars, smart phones, mobile devices, microprocessors, cyber security, etc. Because life science is more fundamental than these cases and there is room for great evolution, even greater impact It is expected. " "Early commercialization of results of military-related research" is clear. Recognition and guidelines concerning DARPA's "basic research in the field of electronics" and "technological innovation in the field of biotechnology". It is no doubt that DARPA's advanced science and technology research is improving the technology development capability and competitiveness of the United States. DARPA Rolls Out Electronics Resurgence Initiative (DARPA) Read more

By Nobuyuki
Innovation

What is changed in Japan and "What will not change" clearly

Happy New Year. I hope that 2018 (Heisei 30 years) will be "a year of leap" for you and for Japan. Japan is now at the forefront of a super aging society. In 2019, it will be "the retirement of the Emperor of the Emperor" and "the throne of the new emperor and the new era". The Tokyo Olympics and Paralympic Games will be held in 2020. It is Japan's last chance. The turbulent world, what Japan should do "ahead"? Prime Minister Abe talks with the beginning of the year, saying, "The future can be changed with our hands," and I am determined. I think that the top priority should be the sense of speed and its effectiveness. I think that we should recognize the "lost decade", "lost 20 years", "lost 30 years", unseen "no resilience" and "world competitiveness" not seen in this world I will. About this, what is "letting it do" of Japanese society? I think that Japan can not escape unless you change it and clarify what "will not change" to cope with and execute it. It is said that Japan is now lagging around the world. Prime Minister Abe Heisei 30 years Inspiration (Prime Minister's Official Residence) From "Ichigo-san" who died in April 2013 "About economic downturn" Economics is not an abstract numerical sequence, one of the people I was given the comment that "Is not it the total amount of creativity of one person and ability to think by myself?" I also think so.

By Nobuyuki
Innovation

Principles of KISS (Keep it simple, stupid: Keep it simple! This stupid)

This word (the principle of KISS) was built by Mr. Kelly Johnson (Clarence "Kelly" Johnson), a design engineer of Lockheed Martin Advanced Development Program (known as Skunk Works), a division of Lockheed Martin . It is an interesting language like America, but there are similar concepts that seem to be the origin of this principle. "Occam's Razor" and Einstein's "Anything is as simple as possible, but it should not be too simple," Leonardo da Vinci's words "Simple is the ultimate refinement" words, Antoine · De Saint-Exupéry's "perfection is not a time when it can not be added anymore, it seems to be achieved when it can not be cut any more". Apple's co-founder Stave Jobs also pursued a design philosophy (^ ^) It tends to be complicated when advanced functions are advanced, but also in the fields of "statistics" and "machine learning", model complexity and data I am using "Occam's Razor"-like idea to balance with the degree of conformity to. The point of "the principle of KISS" is that the simplicity of design (the simplicity) is the key to success and that unnecessary complexity should be avoided. It is as simple as a human-friendly interface. I think that it is also a far-reaching cause such as "low productivity" "Japanese disease" "big enterprise illness" that the Japanese economy is falling down. F - 117 (Nighthawk) is the US Air Force attacking aircraft that flew the first flight in 1981 as the world 's first practical stealth machine, but it is a complex aircraft that requires "30 hour maintenance when you fly for 1 hour" It seems that it cost, so on April 22, 2008 all the aircraft were retired. OSS Sabotage Manual (Simple Sabotage Field Manual)

By Nobuyuki
Innovation

Gender disparity index 2017 Japan 114th (Global Gender Gap Report 2017)

According to the World Economic Forum (WEF) World Gender Equality Annual Report 2017 announced on November 2, the gender disparity expanded worldwide for the first time since the first 2006 report. The deterioration of the gender disparity in the world is based on the spread of gender disparity in the four pillars of "educational background" "health and survival rate", "opportunity for economic activity" and "political authority". We point out that workplaces and politics are particularly serious. France (17th to 11th) ranked the highest in gender equality in the G20 (major 20 countries) countries, followed by Germany (12), UK (20th to 15th), Canada (from 35th 16th), South Africa (19), and Argentina (34). The United States is ranked 49th and under the group with 4 rankings dropped. China (100), India (108), Japan (114), Korea (118), Turkey (131), and Saudi Arabia (138). Of the 144 countries surveyed in Japan, 1015 in 2015, 111 in 2016 and finally in 1147 in 2017 are the lowest ever in history. The political sector has greatly dropped from 103rd to 123rd, and the economic field also remains low at 114th. Japan is not going to go unless all the women shining society building headquarters (prime minister's official residence) do not have immediate effect and effective policy such as introduction of quota system in all fields. The recent forecast worth noting as an economic case for Beijing +20 and positive action, quota system equality is that GDP rises due to economic gender equality, US $ 1.750 billion, Japan 550 billion, France 3,200 It is said that Germany has an economic effect of 310 billion dollars. Also, it seems that the economic effect of China's GDP is 2.5 trillion dollars from gender equality. According to a survey at LinkedIn, "men are underestimated in education, health and welfare areas, while women are underestimated in engineering, manufacturing and construction, information, communication and technology areas. Differences in areas mean the possibility of losing the opportunity to further enhance gender diversity, innovation, creativity and profitability in each department. " The Global Gender Gap Report 2017 (WEF) retreat: The worldwide progress towards gender equality over ten years stalled in 2017 (Press Release / Japanese version pdf) Global Gender Gap Report 2017 (Report Reader / WEF) Shareable Infographics (WEF)

By Nobuyuki
Innovation

Overcoming "Japanese disease" Projects beyond experience rules and success experiences

The other day, there was an announcement that the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism 's leading initiative of young staff will establish the "Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport Policy Venture 2030". We are planning to publicly invite project members within the province and plan to officially start the project in October. It seems to be interesting to be aware of the weak points of the pyramid-type vertically-divided administrative organization and to "start a new policy-designing approach that creates bold concrete measures beyond the rule of experience". Launch of "Policy-making project of the generation responsible for the core in 2030, grasping the signs of the future and talking with society thoroughly", Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport Policy Venture 2030 ~ Policy Movement of Project Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport) We point out the share economy (shared economy), diversity (diversity, utilization of diverse human resources), and sustainability (sustainability). In 2017 Japan's digital competitive ranking ranked 27th in 63 countries. I am suffering from "Japanese disease" which is not a British disease, and it is in a state of late circulation from the world. In order to restore the world (international) competitiveness, I think that it is required to get rid of the policies and growth strategies that cling to experience rules and success experiences, and also to dispel the deep-rooted consciousness of "O Go". The "uneasy individuals, standing nation (pdf)" created by the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry vice-minister and young project in May became a hot topic. I think that it is common in "Mr. Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport Policy Venture 2030" trying to escape from traditional Japanese corporation (cooperative unionist values). Mr. Liberty, the author of 'How to play in New York', has posted "Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport Policy Venture 2030". Liberty introduces advanced examples in a wide range of fields, fun and gently. In the advanced research field, MIT Technology Review (Published by KADOKAWA / ASCII), a Japanese site affiliated with Technology Review, Inc. owned by Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), USA, is interesting because it is interesting. Seriously thinking about the future of Japan, naturally, the "information" of advanced cases is important (how to play in NY)

By Nobuyuki
Innovation

Chinese "competitiveness of popular establishment / mass creation" and Japan

On 18th October, the National Congress of the Communist Party of China will be held and the party convention will be held until October 24, which will also determine the basic policy of China over the next five years.習近 made a speech at the beginning tournament flat Jintao, China has stated that greeted the "stand on the stage in the center of the world" should be "a new era". Opening of the Communist Party of China Congress "The time has come to be at the center of the world stage" and a master's seat (BBC News) Japan is a major indicator of national economic and financial indicators, exceeding that of China and India. The same goes for the competitiveness of the whole country. However, that situation may change in the future. There is an interesting article (10/21 Forbes) that it is because human resources will eventually become the source of maintaining the advantage in terms of competition in the world economy. China and India are already beyond Japan in two important indicators of competitiveness. The World Economic Forum (WEF) "2017 - 2018 International Competitiveness Ranking" clarifies. Japan is superior to China and India by competitiveness (10/21 Forbes Japan) While Japan was 73th in 'Capacity to acquire human resources', India ranked 19th, which is significantly higher than that, while China 23 It is a place. In addition, "Power to secure human resources" is Japan: 44th place, India: 24th place, China: 34th place. "There are two points as to why China and India can attract and maintain more talented people than Japan, one of which is" high liquidity of human resources ", Mr. Mourducouta (Panos Mourdoukoutas) is. Human resources move towards places where there is growth and opportunity. In the past few decades, the Japanese economy has been sluggish, and China and India have achieved rapid growth. Secondly, China and India in each situation, China has invested heavily in acquiring excellent talent for foreigners to improve the level of university in recent years. As a result, the ranking of Chinese universities in world ranking has risen. In addition, there are companies that have expanded their presence in international markets, such as Alibaba, Tencent and Lenovo. Regarding Japan, "While calling by the government, companies are unable to attract and utilize foreign talents, which means that foreign companies are not ready to provide" careers "for work . And socio-economic circumstances and talented individuals are able to extend and improve their career, and lack cultural thinking. " In China, we want to increase the level to a higher level by expanding the development promotion strategy based on novation, "Public founding · Manufacturer's innovation (entrepreneurial entrepreneurship / innovation by all people)". Also known as "Silicon Valley in China", there is an interesting article in Shenzhen (Shenzhen) City that developed at an unprecedented speed in history. Series "The city that continues to change" Shenzhen (Taiwa Masakazu / DIAMOND online) Interesting article Switzerland has ranked No. 1 in international competitiveness for nine consecutive years in the world, 9th in Japan

By Nobuyuki
Innovation

Authorized driver without driver and Waymo's campaign

On October 11, the California state regulatory authorities in the state of California published a proposal to revise the rules concerning automatic driving vehicles to contents that allow for the first time to travel on the state's public road without having to board the driver. According to the authorities, the new regulation is expected to come into effect by June 2018. Under the existing regulations, car companies are obliged to submit safety assessment reports to state authorities, and approval was required when renewing car models. Also, the conventional rules obliged all driver cars to board a driver. U.S. Jeju, tolerate first-run driving without a driver (Reuters) On October 9, Waymo under the U.S. alphabet is "National Safety Council" and "Elderly people Let's Talk Self-Driving (FSL) "," Foundation for Blind Children "," Association aiming to eradicate drunk driving (madd.org) "etc. Talk about automatic driving car) announced the campaign. The campaign will start in Arizona, USA and campaign ads will be held on each media. Waymo also carries out a pilot program to have residents of Phoenix test drive automobile. On October 12, the television station in Arizona State (abc 15) covers the Foundation for Blind Children (organization for blind children). Marc Ashton, a representative of a facility that has a vision-impaired son himself, talks about how freedom will be to help the movement and independence of the visually handicapped by the introduction of automatic driving vehicles. (Movie below) Japan aims to become a "universal society", 13 years from the "resolution on the promotion of the formation of a universal society" in the Upper House in 2004, Japan with a declining birthrate and an aging population is bold deregulation and bold I think that I have to aim for digital innovation. Waymo has sparked a new education initiative that is starting right here in Read more

By Nobuyuki
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